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Description: Just before the festive celebration of The Day of Bulgarian Enlightenment, Education and Culture, and the Slavonic Alphabet.
We, the Bulgarians, we know the names of our alphabet's creators! And we have our most bright feast day of the Bulgarian Enlightenment, Education, Culture and the creation of the Glagolitic (the first Slavonic alphabet) by Cyril and Methodius, also known as the Salonica Brothers, which is celebrated each year on May, 24th! Among the lush greenery and flowers, in the bustling school courts, on the streets and squares under the sounds of the fanfare music, Bulgaria celebrates the feast of the two brothers Cyril and Methodius, the creators of the Slavic alphabet. The official Slavic alphabet reception was in 855, although its creation took many years of devoted work and dedication by the two holy brothers.
The brothers Cyril and Methodius were born in Thessaloniki in the 9th century, in a family with seven sons of the Byzantine droungarios military rank Leon, known in Bulgarian historiography as Leo, who was the helper-governor of Thessaloniki and the area. In some historical sources there are assumptions that their mother Maria is of Slavic origin. Cyril and Methodius were declared co-patron saints of Europe by Pope John Paul II on December 30, 1980 with the apostolic message Egregiae Virtutis.
In the IXth century, Cyril later called Constantine-Cyril Philosopher and his brother Methodius were one of the first Christian missionaries among the Slavic population in the lands of the Balkan Peninsula, and to Pannonia and Great Moravia, in Central Europe. The Bulgarian state and the Bulgarian ruler at that time, Boris I, called King Boris Michael-the Christian, imposes the adoption of Christianity and the creation of Slavonic (Old Bulgarian) literature as a state's cause. Under his direct leadership two major spiritual, cultural and historical centers emerge - the Preslav and Ohrid Literary schools. The Preslav Literary School was developing in the old Bulgarian capital Preslav, which is located in the region of Northeastern Bulgaria. The Ohrid Literary School emerges and develops in Ohrid and its region, which at the time was within the borders of the Bulgarian state. These two centers became the foundation of the Bulgarian literature and culture, where the first Bulgarian and Slavic pupils were frantically trained in literacy, and where was made the translations of the Old Church literature necessary to conduct the church liturgies in a language understandable by the population.
Author (source) of image: Personal archive